Notepad microsoft


Microsoft Notepad 6 Overview

Software Overview

Screenshot of Microsoft Notepad 6

Main Features

Microsoft Notepad is a simple text editor included with Microsoft Windows. While the program is limited in features, it is still useful in various contexts for viewing and editing plain text files.

Because Notepad is a plain text editor, it only provides basic formatting features. You won’t get the same features that a word processor like Microsoft Word offers, such as graphics or page formatting support. However, you can still word wrap your text and choose the font, style, size, and script. Notepad supports different text encoding modes including Unicode, UTF-8, big-endian Unicode, and ANSI.

Nobody will try to boast about Notepad's text editing features. Yet, the program is still useful in many contexts, such as when taking notes, when viewing text files, and when making edits to source code files. For these reasons, Notepad is a popularly-used text editor.

▶ Primary file extension
▶ Other file extensions used by Microsoft Notepad 6
Supported File Types
.CFGConfiguration File
.CONFIGConfiguration File
.CSSCascading Style Sheet
.CSVComma Separated Values File
.HTMLHypertext Markup Language File
.INFSetup Information File
.INFOGeneric Information File
.INIWindows Initialization File
.JSJavaScript File
.LOGLog File
.XMLXML File
Additional Related File Formats
.1STReadme File
.AStatic Library
.A8SAnim8or Script
.ANSANSI Text File
.ARENAQuake 3 Engine Arena File
.ASActionScript File
.ASAASP Configuration File
.ASMAssembly Language Source Code File
.ATHAlienware AlienFX Theme File
.ATTWeb Form Post Data File
.AVSAviSynth Script File
.BBZBerryBuzz Backup File
.BCSBoland Calibration Settings File
.BMKNokia Device Bookmark File
.BOOKBudget In Brief Book File
.BPWBitmap World File
.BSDBSDL File
.BSDLBoundary Scan Description Language File
.BSHBeanShell Script
.CAMPWCS Color Appearance Model Profile File
.CELCelestia Script File
.CELXCelestia Script
.CFGCal3D Model Configuration File
.CFGWesnoth Markup Language File
.CGICommon Gateway Interface Script
.CHARTFeedback Chart File
.CMDWindows Command File
.CONFGeneric Configuration File
.CSVisual C# Source Code File
.CSHC Shell Script
.CUCUDA Source Code File
.CUSAutoCAD Custom Dictionary File
.DBADarkBASIC Source Code File
.DIFData Interchange Format
.FOUNTAINFountain Script File
.GMGameMonkey Script
.GSCCall of Duty Game Script
.GSDGeneral Station Description File
.HAMLHaml Source Code File
.HPSHPL Script
.HTMHypertext Markup Language File
.JAVJava Source File
.JAVAJava Source Code File
.JRTFJAmes OS Rich Text File
.MMATLAB Source Code File
.MMercury Source Code File
.MAPQuake Engine Map File
.MARKDOWNMarkdown Documentation File
.MCMETAMinecraft Animation File
.MDBACKUPiPhone Data Backup File
.MDINFOiPhone Backup Information File
.MDLWarcraft 3 3D Model Text File
.MDOWNMarkdown File
.MLML Source Code File
.MXMLFlex MXML Component
.OSUOsu! Script
.OUTOutput File
.P6Perl 6 Source Code File
.PASPascal Source File
.PHPPHP Source Code File
.PLPerl Script
.PNPROJProgrammer's Notepad Project File
.PNPTProgrammer's Notepad Project Template
.PROPERTIESJava Properties File
.PROPERTIESMinecraft Properties File
.PYPython Script
.QCHalf-Life Model Compiler Script
.QCQuakeC Source Code File
.RTXRich Text Document
.SSource Code File
.SRCSource Code
.URLInternet Shortcut
.WTXText Document
.XQLXML Query Language File
.XQYXQuery Source File
.XSDXML Schema Definition
.XSLXML Style Sheet

Updated: September 25, 2017

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Microsoft notepad - Gpedia, Your Encyclopedia

Microsoft Notepad 1.01 was released in 1985 as part of Windows 1.01, here shown with an open text file and the program's about box

Notepad is a simple text editor for Microsoft Windows and a basic text-editing program which enables computer users to create documents. It was first released as a mouse-based MS-DOS program in 1983, and has been included in all versions of Microsoft Windows since Windows 1.0 in 1985.

History

Microsoft introduced Multi-Tool Notepad, a mouse-based text editor written by Richard Brodie, with the $195 Microsoft Mouse in May 1983 at the Spring COMDEX computer expo in Atlanta. Also introduced at that COMDEX was Multi-Tool Word, designed by Charles Simonyi to work with the mouse.[1][2][3] Most watching Simonyi's demonstration had never heard of a mouse.[4] Microsoft released the Microsoft Mouse in June 1983, and the boxed mouse and Multi-Tool Notepad began shipping in July.[5] Initial sales were modest, as there was little one could do with it except run the three demonstration programs included in the box (a tutorial, practice application and Notepad) or program interfaces to it.[6] The Multi-Tool product line began with expert systems for the Multiplan spreadsheet.[7][8] On the suggestion of Rowland Hanson, who also convinced Bill Gates to change the name "Interface Manager" to "Windows" before the release of Windows 1.0, the Multi-Tool name was killed by the time Word shipped in November 1983. Hanson's rationale was that "the brand is the hero". People didn't associate the stand-alone name Multi-Tool with Microsoft, and Hanson wanted to make Microsoft the hero, so the Microsoft name replaced "Multi-Tool".[4][6]

Features

Notepad is a common text-only (plain text) editor. The resulting files—typically saved with the .txt extension—have no format tags or styles, making the program suitable for editing system files to use in a DOS environment and, occasionally, source code for later compilation or execution, usually through a command prompt. It is also useful for its negligible use of system resources; making for quick load time and processing time, especially on under-powered hardware. Notepad supports both left-to-right and right-to-left based languages. Unlike WordPad, Notepad does not treat newlines in Unix- or classic Mac OS-style text files correctly. Notepad offers only the most basic text manipulation functions, such as finding text. Only newer versions of Windows include an updated version of Notepad with a search and replace function. However, it has much less functionality in comparison to full-scale editors.

In all versions of Windows, Notepad uses a built-in window class named EDIT and the maximum file size that Notepad can open is dependent on operating system limitations on the size of the EDIT window class, with the limit being different for each version of Windows. Due to the operating system limit of the EDIT window class, the Notepad version shipped with Windows 3.0, Windows 3.1 and Windows 3.11 could not open files larger than 54 KB (kilobytes) and Microsoft recommended not to open files larger than 45 KB, with the official workaround advice provided by Microsoft being "Use another text editor",[9] but this limit was extended to 64 KB in Windows 95 (and remained the same in Windows 98 and Windows Me). On the Notepad version shipped with Windows XP the limit was 32 MB (megabytes) with the application displaying the message "The file is too large for Notepad. Use another editor to edit the file" if the user attempted to open a file larger than 32 MB.[10] Newer versions of Notepad can open files at least up to 58 MB (megabytes) in size,[11] and on Windows 8.1 the Notepad application is able to open files at least as large as 512 MB (megabytes) but fails to open 1 GB (gigabyte) files displaying the same message that Windows XP users would see ("The file is too large for Notepad. Use another editor to edit the file").[12] However, on all 32-bit versions of Windows, there is a 2 GB (gigabytes) limit imposed on the maximum memory of all single-process 32-bit programs and thus on 32-bit machines no single-process text editor such as Notepad can open files larger than 2 gigabytes.

Up to Windows 95, Fixedsys was the only available display font for Notepad. Windows NT 4.0 and 98 introduced the ability to change this font. As of Windows 2000, the default font was changed to Lucida Console. The font setting, however, only affects how the text is shown to the user and how it is printed, not how the file is saved to disk. The default font was changed to Consolas on Windows 8.

Up to Windows Me, there were almost no keyboard shortcuts and no line-counting feature. Starting with Windows 2000, shortcuts for common tasks like new, open and save were added, as well as a status-bar with a line counter (available only when word-wrap is disabled).

In the Windows NT-based versions of Windows, Notepad can edit traditional 8-bit text files as well as Unicode text files (both UTF-8 and UTF-16, and in case of UTF-16, both little-endian and big-endian).

Notepad also has a simple built-in logging function. Each time a file that starts with .LOG is opened, the program inserts a text timestamp on the last line of the file.[13][14]

Notepad accepts text from the Windows clipboard. When clipboard data with multiple formats is pasted into Notepad, the program only accepts text in the CF_TEXT format.[15] This is useful for stripping embedded font type and style codes from formatted text, such as when copying text from a web page and pasting into an email message or other WYSIWYG text editor. Formatted text can be temporarily pasted into Notepad, and then immediately copied again in stripped format to paste into the other program.

Notepad can print files, but doesn't print correctly if Word Wrap is turned on. Headers, footers, and margins can be set and adjusted when preparing to print a file under Page Setup. The date, file name, and other information can be placed in the headers and footers with various codes consisting of an ampersand ('&') followed by a letter.

Unicode detections

The Windows NT version of Notepad, installed by default on Windows 2000 and Windows XP, has the ability to detect Unicode files even when they are missing a byte order mark. To do this, it utilizes a Windows API function called IsTextUnicode().[16] However, this function is imperfect, incorrectly identifying some all-lowercase ASCII text as UTF-16. As a result, Notepad interprets a file containing a phrase like "aaaa aaa aaa aaaaa" ("4-3-3-5") as two-byte-encoded Unicode text file and attempts to display it as such. If a font with support for Chinese is installed, nine Chinese characters (桴獩愠灰挠湡戠敲歡) display. Otherwise, it displays squares instead of Chinese characters.

Some people misinterpreted this issue for an Easter egg. Many phrases that fit the pattern (including "this app can break" and "bush hid the facts") appeared on the web as hoaxes. Windows expert Raymond Chen correctly attributed it to the Unicode detection algorithm.[17] This issue was resolved in Windows Vista and newer versions of Notepad.

Competing software

Notepad does not require a lock on the file it opens, so it can open files already opened by other processes, users, or computers, whereas WordPad cannot. Also, since Notepad lacks advanced formatting functionality, many people find its simple, minimalistic user interface (whose look has never changed since Windows 3.1 and whose menus were last altered in Windows XP, when "Format" and "View" replaced "Search") faster and easier to use for basic text operations. The MS-DOS Editor, especially as updated in Windows 95, where it became an MDI application, also provides many features never offered by Notepad.

There are many third-party replacements for Notepad with additional functionality, including both free software (e.g. Notepad++ and Notepad2) and freeware (e.g. TED Notepad).

Notepad lacks many features available in other text editors, basic features such as Unix-format newlines, block-select, and MDI, and it lacks full support for line wrapping.

Notepad being a basic text editor, advanced features are also missing: syntax coloring, code folding, regular expressions, macros, support of codepages and color schemes.

See also

References

  1. ^ "COMDEX: Micros in American mainstream". InfoWorld. IDG. May 23, 1983. p. 1. ISSN 0199-6649. 
  2. ^ "Mouse and new WP program join Microsoft product lineup". InfoWorld. IDG. May 30, 1983. p. 10. ISSN 0199-6649. 
  3. ^ "Microsoft ad". InfoWorld. IDG. May 23, 1983. p. 85. ISSN 0199-6649. 
  4. ^ a b Wallace, James; Erickson, Jim (1992). Hard Drive. Wiley. pp. 238–244. ISBN 0-471-56886-4. 
  5. ^ "In Focus". InfoWorld. IDG. August 29, 1983. p. 31. ISSN 0199-6649. 
  6. ^ a b Manes, Stephen; et al. (Paul Andrews) (1993). Gates. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-42075-7. 
  7. ^ "Microsoft ad". InfoWorld. IDG. April 25, 1983. p. 40. ISSN 0199-6649. 
  8. ^ "In designers' scenario, software undergoes behavior modification". InfoWorld. IDG. August 29, 1983. p. 34. ISSN 0199-6649. 
  9. ^ "Maximum File Size Limits for Notepad". Support. Microsoft. September 24, 2011. 
  10. ^ "What is file size limit for Notepad in Windows XP". Bytes. October 24, 2007. 
  11. ^ "Maximum size for notepad file". Code Project. August 4, 2012. 
  12. ^ Petri, Daniel (October 23, 2015). "Tip for Opening Large Text Files in Windows". Petri. 
  13. ^ "Features of LOG and Time/Date Command in Notepad". Support. Microsoft. July 19, 2005. Archived from the original on June 28, 2007. 
  14. ^ "How to Use Notepad to Create a Log File". Support. Microsoft. December 20, 2004. Archived from the original on April 6, 2005. 
  15. ^ ""The Clipboard". Retrieved September 29, 2009. 
  16. ^ "IsTextUnicode()". MSDN. Microsoft. Retrieved January 28, 2017. 
  17. ^ Chen, Raymond (April 17, 2007). "The Notepad file encoding problem, redux". MSDN. Microsoft. 

External links

www.gpedia.com

Microsoft Notepad

Notepad is a simple text editor for Microsoft Windows and a basic text-editing program which enables computer users to create documents It was first released as a mouse-based DOS program in 1983, and has been included in all versions of Microsoft Windows since Windows 10 in 1985

Contents

History

Microsoft introduced Multi-Tool Notepad, a mouse-based text editor written by Richard Brodie, with the $195 Microsoft Mouse in May 1983 at the Spring COMDEX computer expo in Atlanta Also introduced at that COMDEX was Multi-Tool Word, designed by Charles Simonyi to work with the mouse[1][2][3] Most watching Simonyi's demonstration had never heard of a mouse[4] Microsoft released the Microsoft Mouse in June 1983, and the boxed mouse and Multi-Tool Notepad began shipping in July[5] Initial sales were modest, as there was little one could do with it except run the three demonstration programs included in the box a tutorial, practice application and Notepad or program interfaces to it[6] The Multi-Tool product line began with expert systems for the Multiplan spreadsheet[7][8] On the suggestion of Rowland Hanson, who also convinced Bill Gates to change the name "Interface Manager" to "Windows" before the release of Windows 10, the Multi-Tool name was killed by the time Word shipped in November 1983 Hanson's rationale was that "the brand is the hero" People didn't associate the stand-alone name Multi-Tool with Microsoft, and Hanson wanted to make Microsoft the hero, so the Microsoft name replaced "Multi-Tool"[4][6]

Features

Notepad is a common text-only plain text editor The resulting files—typically saved with the txt extension—have no format tags or styles, making the program suitable for editing system files to use in a DOS environment and, occasionally, source code for later compilation or execution, usually through a command prompt It is also useful for its negligible use of system resources; making for quick load time and processing time, especially on under-powered hardware Notepad supports both left-to-right and right-to-left based languages Unlike WordPad, Notepad does not treat newlines in Unix- or classic Mac OS-style text files correctly Notepad offers only the most basic text manipulation functions, such as finding text Only newer versions of Windows include an updated version of Notepad with a search and replace function However, it has much less functionality in comparison to full-scale editors

In all versions of Windows, Notepad uses a built-in window class named EDIT and the maximum file size that Notepad can open is dependent on operating system limitations on the size of the EDIT window class, with the limit being different for each version of Windows Due to the operating system limit of the EDIT window class, the Notepad version shipped with Windows 30, Windows 31 and Windows 311 could not open files larger than 54 KB kilobytes and Microsoft recommended not to open files larger than 45 KB, with the official workaround advice provided by Microsoft being "Use another text editor",[9] but this limit was extended to 64 KB in Windows 95 and remained the same in Windows 98 and Windows Me On the Notepad version shipped with Windows XP the limit was 32 MB megabytes with the application displaying the message "The file is too large for Notepad Use another editor to edit the file" if the user attempted to open a file larger than 32 MB[10] Newer versions of Notepad can open files at least up to 58 MB megabytes in size,[11] and on Windows 81 the Notepad application is able to open files at least as large as 512 MB megabytes but fails to open 1 GB gigabyte files displaying the same message that Windows XP users would see "The file is too large for Notepad Use another editor to edit the file"[12] However, on all 32-bit versions of Windows, there is a 2 GB gigabytes limit imposed on the maximum memory of all single-process 32-bit programs and thus on 32-bit machines no single-process text editor such as Notepad can open files larger than 2 gigabytes

Up to Windows 95, Fixedsys was the only available display font for Notepad Windows NT 40 and 98 introduced the ability to change this font As of Windows 2000, the default font was changed to Lucida Console The font setting, however, only affects how the text is shown to the user and how it is printed, not how the file is saved to disk The default font was changed to Consolas on Windows 8

Up to Windows Me, there were almost no keyboard shortcuts and no line-counting feature Starting with Windows 2000, shortcuts for common tasks like new, open and save were added, as well as a status-bar with a line counter available only when word-wrap is disabled

In the Windows NT-based versions of Windows, Notepad can edit traditional 8-bit text files as well as Unicode text files both UTF-8 and UTF-16, and in case of UTF-16, both little-endian and big-endian

Notepad also has a simple built-in logging function Each time a file that starts with LOG is opened, the program inserts a text timestamp on the last line of the file[13][14]

Notepad accepts text from the Windows clipboard When clipboard data with multiple formats is pasted into Notepad, the program only accepts text in the CF_TEXT format[15] This is useful for stripping embedded font type and style codes from formatted text, such as when copying text from a web page and pasting into an email message or other WYSIWYG text editor Formatted text can be temporarily pasted into Notepad, and then immediately copied again in stripped format to paste into the other program

Notepad can print files, but doesn't print correctly if Word Wrap is turned on Headers, footers, and margins can be set and adjusted when preparing to print a file under Page Setup The date, file name, and other information can be placed in the headers and footers with various codes consisting of an ampersand '&' followed by a letter

Unicode detections

Main article: Bush hid the facts

The Windows NT version of Notepad, installed by default on Windows 2000 and Windows XP, has the ability to detect Unicode files even when they are missing a byte order mark To do this, it utilizes a Windows API function called IsTextUnicode[16][17] However, this function is imperfect, incorrectly identifying some all-lowercase ASCII text as UTF-16 As a result, Notepad interprets a file containing a phrase like "aaaa aaa aaa aaaaa" "4-3-3-5" as two-byte-encoded Unicode text file and attempts to display it as such If a font with support for Chinese is installed, nine Chinese characters 桴獩愠灰挠湡戠敲歡 display Otherwise, it displays squares instead of Chinese characters

Some people misinterpreted this issue for an easter egg Many phrases that fit the pattern including "this app can break" and "bush hid the facts" appeared on the web as hoaxes Windows expert Raymond Chen correctly attributed it to the Unicode detection algorithm[18] This issue was resolved in Windows Vista and newer versions of Notepad

Competing software

Notepad does not require a lock on the file it opens, so it can open files already opened by other processes, users, or computers, whereas WordPad cannot Also, since Notepad lacks advanced formatting functionality, many people find its simple, minimalistic user interface whose look has never changed since Windows 31 and whose menus were last altered in Windows XP, when "Format" and "View" replaced "Search" faster and easier to use for basic text operations The MS-DOS Editor, especially as updated in Windows 95, where it became an MDI application, also provides many features never offered by Notepad

There are many third-party replacements for Notepad with additional functionality, including both free software eg Notepad++ and Notepad2 and freeware eg TED Notepad

Notepad lacks many features available in other text editors, basic features such as Unix-format newlines, block-select, and MDI, and it lacks full support for line wrapping

Notepad being a basic text editor, advanced features are also missing: syntax coloring, code folding, regular expressions, macros, support of codepages and color schemes

See also

References

  1. ^ COMDEX: Micros in American mainstream, InfoWorld, May 23, 1983
  2. ^ Mouse and new WP program join Microsoft product lineup, InfoWorld, May 30, 1983
  3. ^ Microsoft ad, InfoWorld, May 23, 1983
  4. ^ a b Wallace & Erickson, 1992 Hard Drive, John Wiley & Sons ISBN 0-471-56886-4 pp 238–244
  5. ^ In Focus, InfoWorld, August 29, 1983
  6. ^ a b Manes & Andrews, 1993 Gates, Doubleday, ISBN 0-385-42075-7
  7. ^ Microsoft ad, InfoWorld, April 25, 1983
  8. ^ In designers' scenario, software undergoes behavior modification, InfoWorld, August 29, 1983
  9. ^ https://supportmicrosoftcom/en-us/kb/59578
  10. ^ https://bytescom/topic/desktop-software/answers/727862-what-file-size-limit-notepad-windows-xp
  11. ^ http://wwwcodeprojectcom/Questions/434501/Maximum-size-for-notepad-file
  12. ^ https://wwwpetricom/tip-opening-large-files-windows
  13. ^ "Features of LOG and Time/Date Command in Notepad" microsoftcom Microsoft 
  14. ^ "How to Use Notepad to Create a Log File" microsoftcom Microsoft 
  15. ^ "The Clipboard" Retrieved September 29, 2009
  16. ^ IsTextUnicode at MSDNmicrosoftcom URL last accessed July 3, 2006
  17. ^ "IsTextUnicode" microsoftcom Microsoft 
  18. ^ "MSDN Blogs" msdncom Microsoft 

External links

Microsoft Notepad Information about

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Microsoft Notepad Information Video

Microsoft Notepad viewing the topic.

Microsoft Notepad what, Microsoft Notepad who, Microsoft Notepad explanation

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Microsoft Notepad is a simple text editing program that is bundled with the Windows Operating System and has been since the first version of Windows in 1985. Notepad is simple and easy to use. There are no tags, no complex formatting and no colors, features or choice of fonts. The first incarnation of the Notepad program was in the software that was bundled in with the Microsoft Mouse (a driver used to detect mice), two years before the Windows release of Notepad as we know it today.

All files created by the notepad program are saved with the TXT file extension. The simplicity of Notepad means that it can be used to edit files that can be used in DOS. In older versions of Notepad there is a 64k limit on edited files.

The Notepad program that was released with the Windows XP and Windows 2000 has the ability Unicode files, even ones that are missing bytes, but it does so incorrectly and is not stable or reliable. These issues were later corrected with the Windows 7 and Windows Vista versions of the Notepad program.

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